Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms, Health Dangers, Treatment
Guide To Dehydration, Loss Of Fluid and Electrolytes or Inadequate Water Intake
Diet And Weight Loss – Water Needs – Water Intake And Fluid Balance
Water/Fluid Retention And Edema – Water Retention Causes – Water Retention Treatment
Water Retention And PMS – Water Retention Diet – Water And Weight Loss – Help to Lose Weight
Diet Nutrition – Best Vitamins for Weight Control – Best Minerals for Weight Control Dehydration Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms, Health Dangers And Treatment
Dehydration, characterised by the excessive loss of water from the body, is a serious condition which if not treated can have fatal health consequences, especially in infants, yound children and elderly people. If swallowing is difficult due to extreme illness, or when people cannot respond to a sense of thirst because of age, illness of lack of consciousness, the resulting failure to replenish water loss will lead to rapid dehydration. A dehydrated condition is closely linked to disturbances in sodium or potassium levels (electrolytes that help regulate fluid levels), thus treatment of dehydration typically requires both the replacement of water lost from the body and the restoration of normal concentrations of electrolytes within the body fluid.
]]> ]]> Causes Of Dehydration
Dehydration is caused by water loss or by inadequate water intake. The commonest cause is failure to drink enough water, although severe perspiration is a significant cause in hot climates or bouts of hot weather. Fluid loss caused by episodes of diarrhea (especially in children and old people) can also cause rapid dehydration.
In addition, loss of sodium (salt) from the body typically leads to a loss of water. Therefore, abnormally low levels of salt in body fluids may cause a person to become dehydrated. Kidney (renal) failure and Addison’s disease (adrenal cortical insufficiency) are two conditions that may – if untreated – lead to sodium depletion and dehydration.
Symptoms And Health Consequences Of Dehydration
The early signs and health effects of dehydration vary according to whether the patient is dehydrating due to water loss with some accompanying loss of sodium, or because of a loss of salt with some water loss.
Loss Of Water
The main symptom of dehydration caused by water depletion is thirst, which can become extreme. Other typical symptoms include: reduced urination, as well as a slight increase in the amount of urea in the blood.
Loss Of Salt Greater Than Loss Of Water
Typical symptoms of dehydration caused by sodium depletion include: extreme lassitude, fainting when standing up, excessive urea in the blood, a decrease in the fluid content of the blood, and a fall in blood pressure. The dehydrated patient may also experience vomiting and cramps. Urination is not commonly affected to begin with, and thirst is usually absent.
Symptoms Of Worsening Dehydration
As the patient becomes more dehydrated – irrespective of the cause – symptoms include: weight loss (2-3 pounds per day), dryness of the mouth, decreased production of saliva, impaired swallowing, shrinkage of tissue, dry/wrinkled skin, headache, raised pulse, shrunken eyes, and fever. As dehydration and salt loss progresses, blood output from the heart decreases, while sweating may cease entirely. Body temperature then rises precipitously. If urination falls too low in response to the dehydrated condition of the body, the kidney becomes unable to excrete toxic waste products. The combined effect of high temperature, reduced blood output and kidney malfunction is irreversible shock and death. Typically this occurs in previously healthy adults after a water loss of about 12-15 liters (3-3.75 gallons), but may occur much more quickly in the very young or very old.
Treatment For Dehydration
As explained above, when you lose enough water to be seriously dehydrated, you also become deficient in electrolytes – the mineral compounds (like salt) needed to maintain a healthy fluid balance and regulate body temperature. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the following dietary response to serious dehydration caused (eg) by diarrhea. It is designed as a fast replenishment of fluid and electolyte levels.
Anti-Dehydration Treatment Method
Take two glasses. Into the first, put 8 ounces of orange juice, a pinch of salt and half a teaspoon of sweetener such as honey or corn syrup. Into the second, put 8 ounces of bottled or distilled water, and one quarter teaspoon of baking soda. Sip from each glass in turn until they are empty.
Treatment Of Dehydration In Children And Elderly
Where dehydration is rapid, or where it occurs in infants, young children or elderly patients, no time should be lost in treating the condition, which may require urgent medical attention. Call your doctor or emergency healthline.
ANNE COLLINS WEIGHT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
Weight Loss Diet Program | 9 Diet Programs – Try Them All! | Weight Loss Forum
Weight Management Program Information For Doctors
OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT and HEALTH
Healthy Weight Advice | Health Risks of Obesity | Body Mass Index Chart | Obesity Information
Weight & Health Risks | Ideal Weight for Women | Waist Circumference | What Causes Weight Gain
Hypothyroidism | Weight Loss Plateau | Healthy Cholesterol Level | How to Lower Cholesterol | Low Cholesterol Diet
Diabetes Diet | Eating Disorders | Food Cravings | Health & Weight Benefits of Exercise
Weight Loss Tips | Nutrition and Pregnancy | Lose Weight After Pregnancy | Weight Loss – Pregnancy
Mid-Life Weight Gain | Weight Control in Menopause | Menopause & Diet | Best Exercise to Burn Calories
Exercise and Calories Burned | Weight Loss Programs | Weight Loss Questions | How to Reduce Weight
DIETING and DIETARY ADVICE
Healthy Diet Advice | Healthy Diets For Women | Reviews of Diets | Diet News | Fad Diets
Weight Watchers Diet | Low Fat Diet | Carbs and Diet | Carb Needs | Glycemic Index Guide | GI Diet Method
Low GI Foods | Glycemic Load | Diets For Health | Diet & Health | Diet For High Blood Pressure | Fibromyalgia Diet
Gluten-Free Diet | Irritable Bowel (IBS) Diet | Lactose-Free Diet | Best PCOS Diet | PMS Diet | Online Diet Plans
ENERGY and NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION
Food Digestion | Calories Index | Guide to Calorie Needs | Calorie Needs for Women | Calories & Weight Loss
Burn Calories and Lose Weight | Calories Used by Exercise | Calorie Savings | Diet Nutrition | Vegetarian Nutrition
Guide to Healthy Diet | Guide to Healthy Eating | Diet Foods | Diet Fat | Good Fat | Protein in Diet | Protein Needs
Good Protein | Good Carbs | Dietary Fiber Guide | Sodium in Diet | Dietary Sugar © 2000-2007 Anne Collins. All rights reserved.